TOEFL : Essay Writing


Essay Topic

A company had announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your stance.


Mine is small sized town in an agricultural belt in India with population of about 200,000. It is well know for its good educational and medical facilities. It is basically a trade center with no major industries. And people in this town lead a peaceful life. Newspaper has reported that the Central Government has proposed to license the establishment of a chemical plant just on the periphery of the town.

Employment opportunities in our town in the recent years have not grown as much as the growth of the educational opportunities for the poorer sections of the society. The proposal is likely to result in additional employment opportunities both directly and indirectly in downstream industries that may come up later. The city council is also likely to get additional revenue which it can use in improving the infrastructure facilities in the town.

There is however one major drawback. It has been reported that the main reason for the selection of the industry’s location is the availability of plenty of water in the nearby river. The effluence of the industry will flow back into the river about 10 kilometers downstream. Since the people of at least 5 towns downstream depend on the river for their drinking water, this is likely to affect their health. It is also likely that the pollutants will affect the agricultural operations in the fields irrigated by the river. The industry is also likely to let out noxious fume.

I agree that some price has to be paid for the development. But development can be at the basic health of the people. While I do welcome industries in our town, they should be of the non-pollutants kind. Or the authorities must ensure that the effluents from the industry are treated so effectively as to be totally safe for drinking as well as for agricultural use. And the fumes from the industry do not pollute the atmosphere.

*This Essay got the Maximum of 6 marks.

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