TOEFL Reading Comprehension





The Questions in the Section of TOEFL Reading Comprehension test your ability to understand the English Articles and Essays that you will come across in your daily life.

There is no need to introduce TOEFL Reading Comprehension.

Let us go straight away to the Model Questions.

Example-1


Passage


Most animals use more than one species as food. Therefore, the term
food web is a better description of food relationship than the term food chain. A food web is a complex feeding systems that contains several food chains. For example, mice, rabbits and deer eat plants. Owls eat meat and rabbits. Mountain lion eats rabbits and deer. These five species are parts of food chains that together form a food web.

The first link in a
food chain is always a green plant. Only organisms with chlorophyll, such as green plants, can make food. For example, the first link in the aquatic chains is algae. Most algae are microscopic green plants that produce food by photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, energy from sunlight converts carbon dioxide and water to sugar. Tiny fish in lakes, streams and oceans eat algae. In turn, these tiny fishes are eaten by larger fish. These larger fish are eaten by still larger fish. The food supply for fish is made by algae.This food is then passed through the food chains as one animal eats another.

Organisms may be divided into three groups based on how they obtain food. These groups are producer, decomposer and consumer. Organisms containing chlorophyll are producers. Thus, green plants are producers. Animals that eat other animals and plants are consumers. Microbes, one-celled organisms that cause the decay of the dead animals and plants are decomposers. Since, decomposers cannot make their own food, they are also consumers.

This same Passage is used for the next five
(Examples 1 to 6)questions as well.



* These Questions are taken from the section of TOEFL Reading Comprehension of previous year's original Question Paper.

The difficult words in this passage are web (network), aquatic (water living), algae (tiny plants which grow in water) and photosynthesis (process by which plant leaves produce food in the presence of sunlight).


Question


The main purpose of this passage is to

(A) determine which food chain is the most efficient

(B) describe the food network among plants and animals

(C) explain the process of photosynthesis in green plants

(D) appeal to conservationists to protect endangered plant species

Analysis


While the author describes different food chains in the passage, he does not argue about the relative efficiency of one chain over another. So, A can not be chosen as the answer.

The author merely states that green plants like the algae produce food through photosynthesis, but he does not explain the processes of photosynthesis any further. So, C can be treated as the main purpose of the passage.

The author does not even refer to the endangered plant species in the passage, let alone appeal for their preservation. So, D can not be the main purpose of the passage.

Having said in the second sentence that the term food web is a better term than the term food chain to describe the food relationship among animals and plants, the author describes in detail the various types of such networks, starting from algae to other animals. So, B is the most appropriate answer.


* The Questions in the Section of TOEFL Reading Comprehension test your ability to understand the English Articles and Essays that you will come across in your daily life.

This same Passage is used for the next five
(Examples 1 to 6)questions as well.



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