So the action is denoted by the word “takes". In that case that word “takes" is the verb.
• The Students write their examination in the Lawtey hall.
Here, the word “write" is the verb.
• The university disqualified him.
Here, the word “disqualified" is the verb.
• His friends refused to support him when he was in critical moments.
Here, the word “refused" is the verb.
The verbs can be classified in different methods.
There are four types of verbs.
1. Transitive verbs.
A transitive verb is the verb which takes an object.
2. Intransitive verb.
An intransitive verb is a verb which does not take an object.
3. Auxiliary verb:
A verb which helps another verb to form its tense, voice or mood is called an Auxiliary verb.
4. Modal verbs:
The following verbs are called Modal verbs:.
Shall, should, will, would, may, might, can, could, must, ought and dare are called modal verbs.
Let us see them individually.
1. Transitive verbs:
• Mr. Hales takes the class today morning.
By this sentence, Mr. Hales takes the class.
The word “Mr. Hales" is the noun.
The word “the class" is the object.
The word “takes" is the verb.
Only when all the three words are there, the whole sentence becomes complete and meaningful.
In case the object word is not there, the sentence “Mr. Hales takes" conveys no meaning and
the sentence does not become complete. In that case “what does Mr. Hales take?" is not clear.
So only when the verb “takes" gets an object, the meaning behind the verb “takes" becomes complete.
That means the verb “takes" needs an object to make itself complete.
Such a verb which needs an object is called transitive verb.
That means the action of the verb is transmitted to another noun or another thing.
• They brought the suitcase two days back.
Here the verb “brought" (bring) needs an object to become meaningful.
What was brought?
The suitcase was brought by them.
So the verb “bring" (brought) is a transitive verb.
• My father has written a book which may interest you.
• We are crossing the river by a boat.
• The child is reading English poems clearly.
• An uncivilized man killed John Kennedy.
• She created this structure for our proposed-house.
• My teacher gave me a pen before I entered the exam-hall.
• They sell their properties.
In all the seven sentences given above, the respective verbs
“write", “cross", “read", “kill", “create",“give" and “sell"
need their respective objects to make the sentences meaningful.
So, all these verbs are transitive verbs.
Few other “Transitive verbs" are: build, carry, begin, bear,