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An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
To modify a word is to change or affect its meaning in some way. Thus in….
The river fell rapidly.
The adverb rapidly modifies the verb fell by showing how the falling took place.
The italicized words are adverbs modifying adjectives.
The river fell
The italicized words are adverbs modifying other adverbs.
Most adverbs answer the question “How?" “When?" “Where?" or “To what degree or extent?"
Observe that adverbs modify verbs in much the same way in which adjectives modify nouns.
Adjective : A bright fire burned.
Adverb : The fire burned brightly.
Adjective : A fierce wind blew.
Adverb : The wind blew fiercely.
A word or group of words that changes or modifies the meaning of another word is called a modifier.
Adjectives and adverbs, then, are both modifiers. Adjectives modify substantives and adverbs modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
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