The words am, is, are are also verbs, but they are not action words. They are the simple present tense of the verb be. Use am with the pronoun I, and is with the pronouns he, she and it. Use are with the pronouns you, we and they.
1. It is a donkey.
2. It is not a horse.
3. It is very hot today.
4. It is not very comfortable.
5. I am Peter. I am not Paul.
6. She is Miss Lee. She is a teacher.
7. He is my father. He is a doctor. He is not a lawyer.
8. You are a stranger. You are not my friend.
9. We are in the same class, but we are not on the same team.
10. They are good friends. They are not enemies.
Here’s a table to help you remember how to use am, is and are.
First person Singular….I am
First person Plural….we are
Second person Singular….you are
Second person Plural….you are
Third person Singular….he is
Third person Singular….she is
Third person Singular….it is
Third person Plural….they are
Learn these short forms called contractions.
I am = I’m
they are = they’re
you are = you’re
we are = we’re
he is = he’s
she is = she’s
it is = it’s
am not = aren’t (only in questions)
is not = isn’t
are not = aren’t
In questions, use aren’t as a contraction of am not.
For example, you can say….
I’m taller than you, aren’t I?
But in a statement you say….
I’m not as old as you.
Learn this contraction…
there is = there’s
Use the verb is with singular nouns and are with plural nouns.
1. The camel is a desert animal.
2. Vegetables and fruit are healthy foods.
3. Lambs are baby sheep.
4. Kenneth is a lawyer.
5. Rex is a clever dog.
6. A duck is a kind of bird.
7. The playground is full of people today.
8. My house is near the school.
9. These questions are too difficult.
10. The balloons are very colorful.
11. Those people are very busy.
12. Dad and Mom are in the kitchen.
Use is and are with the word there to say what you can see and hear.
1. There is a castle on the hill.
2. There are some clouds in the sky.
3. There is a wasps’ nest in the tree.
4. There is a fence around the school.
5. There are a lot of books in the library.
6. There are two guards at the gate.
7. Is there any food in the fridge?
8. Are there any apples left on the tree?
9. How much rice is there?
10. There are a few sharks in the bay.
11. There are enough candies for everyone, aren’t there?
12. There are two pigeons on the roof.
1. They are my good friends.
2. He is a soldier.
3. You are taller than Charlie.
4. She is ill.
5. We are very hungry.
6. It is a sunny day.
7. I am angry with Joe.
8. You are all welcome to my house.
1. John’s dog is very friendly.
2. Robert is ten years old.
3. These flowers are very pretty.
4. The two schools are close to each other.
5. Math is not a very difficult subject.
6. Is dinner ready?
7. This computer is very easy to use.
8. All the windows are open.
9. Sue and Jane are neighbors.
10. His hair is curly.
1. There is a fence around the barn.
2. There are trees along the road.
3. There is a rainbow in the sky.
4. There are lots of parks in our town.
5. There is nothing in the cupboard.
6. There are not many bedrooms in the new house.
7. There are lots of mistakes on your test paper.
8. There is a wasps’ nest in the tree.
9. There are ants in the cookies.
10. There are many different kinds of animals in the zoo.
11. There is plenty of food on the table.
12. There is a church on the hilltop.
13. There is no more water in the pool.
14. There are too many people on the beach.
15. There are only a few customers in the shop.