A weird idea of much interest is that of reincarnation. What is reincarnation? Some say it's the fact that a person's soul lives without a body and throughout the years possesses different bodies. Is this true or is reincarnation the result of a mentally unstable person's vivid imagination or even the result of cryptomnesia when a person takes something they have heard or seen, forgets about ever hearing or seeing it and then remembers the event(s) as happening in another life. These three hypothesizes each seem plausible in their own right. With the help of the SEARCH method it will be shown which hypothesis fits best.
Hypothesis 1 : When a person dies the soul undergoes a process called reincarnation, in which the soul lives another life in the future. The evidence I have to back up this particular claim is that of a story I read in People magazine awhile back. In this story a woman, who goes by the name of Jenny Cockell, claims to have experienced reincarnation. She claims she was once a woman, who went by the name of Marry Sutton, who died 21 years before Jenny's own birth. Jenny believes this because of dreams she has had since the age of three. These dreams were unlike ordinary dreams in how vivid and real they seemed. In the dreams Jenny saw herself in another time and place. She saw herself as a young mother living in a small cottage somewhere in Ireland. In one dream particularly Jenny saw herself with a terrible fever on her own deathbed, terrified of what was to become of her children. One day Jenny decided to find out what had become of these children. So Jenny went to Ireland and while looking at a map of Ireland she sensed that Mary had lived in the small town of Malahide.
Then she checked local church records for any mothers of eight named Mary that had gone there. Since from her dreams Jenny recalled there being eight children and the only name she could remember from the dreams was Mary. Sure enough Jenny found a Mary Sutton had lived and died in Malahide. Mary's children had been scattered among family members and orphanages. Then through much search and hard work to find these children Jenny eventually found all of Mary's children. Before Jenny met with any of the children she and the children both agreed to allow a BBC researcher to test Jenny's memories of Mary and Mary's children The tests resulted in a 98 percent agreement. Jenny knew what pictures were on the walls of the Sutton home, other objects in the house and even how the house was built.
This evidence further backed up the fact of Mary Sutton being reincarnated through Jenny Cockell. As of today there has been no new evidence found to discredit the fact that Jenny has experienced reincarnation. The hypothesis will be examined using the five criteria of adequacy.
(1) Testability…This hypothesis is testable. As in the case about Jenny Cockell. Jenny was tested to see if what she remembered matched that of Mary Sutton's life.
(2) Fruitfulness….This hypothesis is fruitful. It can be observed that a person who has experienced reincarnation can tell truthful information of the person they once were.
(3) Scope...The hypothesis has a small scope in that it only pertains to the person relaying information about their past life.
(4) Simplicity… This hypothesis is not simple. A person has to presume that the soul lives without the body and can live for an immeasurable time.
(5) Conservation… The hypothesis is not consistent with well-founded beliefs. Many people believe that the soul goes to heaven or hell after death and many believe that the soul ends along with the body at death.
Hypothesis 2 : Some people think they have experienced reincarnation, but in fact these people are mentally insane. The evidence used to back this hypothesis is the common knowledge that insane people create elaborate stories. Some of these stories are that of the insane person in question having lived a previous life. Insane people have the tendency to think they lived a past life of some famous personality. These facts are taken from various books, magazines and movies. This hypothesis will also be evaluated using the five criteria of adequacy.
(1) Testability... This hypothesis is testable by means of testing the individual in question with various test of sanity.
(2) Fruitfulness….The hypothesis is fruitful. It can be observed if the person in question is insane or not.
(3) Scope…. This hypothesis has a large scope. If a person is mentally insane other lies are usually told and many other things can be observed.
(4) Simplicity…. The hypothesis is simple in the fact that some people are known to be mentally insane and create stories of having past lives.
(5) Conservation…. The hypothesis is consistent with well-founded beliefs. As said before it is known people are mentally insane and that they create stories of past lives.
Hypothesis 3 : Some people think they have experienced reincarnation, but in fact they are experiencing cryptomnesia. Cryptomnesia is the result of thoughts or ideas seeming new to memory when in fact they are memories that have been forgotten. The evidence for this hypothesis is taken from the book HOW TO THINK ABOUT WEIRD THINGS. This book contains a story of a woman from Chicago, who goes by the name of Virginia Tighe, who claims have experienced reincarnation. She claims to be the reincarnation of a woman from Ireland, who went by the name of Bridey Murphy. William J. Barker, a newsman for the Denver Post, investigated Virginia's claim. He found no correlation between what Virginia claimed and the truth. Then the truth of this reincarnation was found. As a teenager Virginia's one neighbor, an Irish woman named Mrs. Anthony Corkell, used to tell Virginia tales of the old country. Bridie Murphy was Mrs. Corkell's maiden name. In addition to this, Virginia had memorized several Irish monologues as part of being in high school drama club. Lastly, Virginia had more than likely heard stories about the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition from her neighbors and friends. In this exposition a life-size Irish Village was constructed in Chicago , Virginia's home town. All these things Virginia experienced but had forgotten. Then at some point she recalled some of the information and interpreted it as being from a past life, a classic case of cryptomnesia.
To see how good this particular hypothesis is it will be evaluated using the five criteria of adequacy.
(1) Testability…. This hypothesis is testable. In the story of Virginia Tighe a newsman tested Virginia's claim of reincarnation and found it false. Then Virginia's background was checked and the truth of her reincarnation was found.
(2) Fruitfulness… The hypothesis is fruitful. Cryptomnesia is observable in that many people claiming to have experienced reincarnation are wrong in many of the facts they relay.
(3) Scope…. The hypothesis has a small scope. Cryptomnesia only explains that what was thought was reincarnation was really just forgotten facts.
(4) Simplicity…. The hypothesis is simple in the fact that it is known that some people experience cryptomnesia and claim they have experienced reincarnation.
(5) Conservation…. The hypothesis is consistent with well-founded beliefs. As previously said people are known to experience cryptomnesia and claim they have experienced reincarnation. Of the three hypothesizes the third and final one seems the best. This conclusion also takes into account that almost every case of reincarnation has been proven to be the work of cryptomnesia. It is also true that insane people may think they were reincarnated, but these cases represent a small part of those that claim to have experienced reincarnation. There is also that case of Jenny Cockell which seems to prove that reincarnation exists. That may be true but these cases are too small to warrant the conclusion. I am not trying to say any of these hypothesizes are right and the others wrong. I am only stating from my research and the available data that my hypothesis on cryptomnesia seems best.
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