sump, sume & sum
These ROOT-WORDS are SUME,SUMP & SUM meaning TAKE, USE & WASTE. They come from the Latin sumere & sumptus. It is interesting to notice how the idea of taking and using began to mean expensive, burdensome, and wasteful. The layman’s name for tuberculosis is conSUMPtion, a disease that causes the patient to WASTE away. In ancient Greece and Rome there was a SUMPtuary law which forbade lavish spending.
1. Assume : as SUME (a sume’) v.
To take; to use; to suppose; as, I assume it is so
2. Assumption : as SUMP tion (a sump’ shun) n.
The act of taking for granted; as, on the assumption that it is so
3. Assuming : as SUM ing (a sume’ ing) adj.
Taking for granted; arrogant
4. Assumed : as SUM ed (a sumed’) adj.
Taken; as, under an assumed name
5. Assumptive : as SUMP tive (a sump’ tiv) adj.
6. Consume : con SUME (kon sume’) v.
To use up; as, Americans consume millions of cigarettes
7. Consumer : con SUME r (kon sue’ mer) n.
One who consumes goods of some kind
8. Consumption : con SUMP tion (kon sump’ shun) n.
Act of using up; wasting away
9. Consumptive : con SUMP tive (kon sump’ tiv) adj.
Affected by consumption; a wasting away of the body
10. Consumable : con SUM able (kon sue’ ma b’l) adj.
Can be used up
11. Consumedly : con SUME dly (kon sue’ med lee) adv.
Excessively; as, he is consumedly proud of himself
12. Presume : pre SUME (pre zume’) v.
To take upon oneself without leave; as, do not presume too much
13. Presumably : pre SUM ably (pre zue’ ma blee) adv.
14. Presumption : pre SUMP tion (pre zump’ shun) n.
15. Presumptuously : pre SUMP tuously (pre zump’ chu us lee) adv.
16. Resume : re SUME (re zume’) v.
Take up again; as, after intermission the play will resume
17. Sumpter : SUMP ter (sump’ ter) n.
A beast of burden
18. Sumption : SUMP tion (sump’ shun) n.
A major premise; an assumption
19. Sumptuosity : SUMP tuosity (sump tue os’ i ti) n.
20. Sumptuously : SUMP tuously (sump’ chu us lee) adv
Go to the Etymology Index Page.
From sump to HOME PAGE