These ROOT-WORDS are TEMPO & TEMPOR which mean TIME. It comes from the Latin tempus & temporis. Do not confuse this Root with one which is spelled temper. That is something entirely different. Words like temperature or temperate have nothing to do with TIME - TEMPOR. Another word which looks similar is tempt. This too, has nothing to do with TIME - TEMPOR. So, when a word has TEMP in it, just take a hard look at the next letter. Not e, not I, but o.
1. Tempo : TEMPO (tem’ po) n.
Rate of speed : The plural is “tempi"
2. Pro tem : pro TEM (pro tem’) adv.
For the time being
3. Temporal : TEMPOR al (tem’ p oral) adj.
Limited by time; earthly life
4. Temporality : TEMPOR ality (tem po ral’ it ee) n.
The quality of being limited by time
5. Temporary : TEMPOR ary (tem’ po rare e) n.
For the time being; as, a temporary job
6. Temporize : TEMPOR ize (tem’ po rize) v.
To comply with the time or circumstance
7. Temporariness : TEMPOR ariness (tem po rar’ ee ness) n.
Impermanence; as, the temporariness of life
8. Temporizer : TEMPOR izer (tem’ po rize er) n.
One who temporizes
9. Temporization : TEMPOR ization (tem po ri zay’ shun) n.
The act of temporizing
10. Temporarily : TEMPOR arily (tem po rar’ i lee) adv.
For the present; as, she lives here temporarily
11. Contemporary : con TEMPOR ary (kon tem’ po rare e) n.
Those who live at the same time; as, Hitler and Mussolini
12. Contemporaneous: con TEMPOR aneous (kon tem po ray’ nee us) adj.
Happening at the same time
13. Contemporaneously: con TEMPOR ancously (kon tem po ray’ nee us lee) adv.
At the same time
14. Extempore : ex TEMPOR e (ek stem’ po ree) adv.
On the spur of the moment; impromptu; unprepared
15. Extemporaneous: ex TEMPOR aneous (ek stem po ray’ nee us) adj.
16. Extemporaneously: ex TEMPOR aneously(ek stem po ray’ nee us lee) adv.