## English Conditionals

### English Conditionals : An Introduction

There are a number of structures in English that are called the conditionals which are used to talk about possible or imaginary situations.

A "Condition" is a "situation or circumstance".

For example: If a certain condition is true, then a particular result happens.

There are four basic conditionals that we use in English.

• Zero Conditional
• First Conditional
• Second Conditional
• Third Conditional

There are some more conditionals formed by mixing some of these four.

### Structure of Conditional Sentences

The structure of the conditionals is straightforward. There are two basic possibilities in terms of order in the sentence:

IF Condition Result
If it rains, we will get wet

or like this:

Result IF Condition
We will get wet if it rains.

Notice that we only use a comma in the first example.

### Conditionals: Time and Probability Table

Probability Conditional Example Time
Certain zero conditional If you heat water to 100 degrees celsius, it boils any time
Likely first conditional If it rains, I will stay in. future
Unlikely second conditional If I won the lottery, I would retire. future
Impossible second conditional If I had the money, I would lend it to you present
Impossible third conditional If I had seen him, I would have given him the message. past