Grammar : Present Tense

As we have seen already, the Present Tense is used when the verb refers to the present time.

There are
four forms in the Present Tense.

They are:

1. Simple Present Tense.
2. Present Continuous Tense.
3. Present Perfect Tense.
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Let us see one by one.

1.Simple Present Tense:

The Simple Present Tense is used

i. To indicate a habitual action.


• He drinks tea every morning.
• My father gets up at 6am everyday.
• I go to college regularly.
• The College celebrates its founder’s day on 7th June every year.

ii. To express general truth.


• The Sun rises in the east.
• Two twos give four.
• Honey is sweet.

iii. To express a future event that is part of a fixed timetable.


• The match starts at 10am.
• When does this shop reopen?
• The next train arrives at 7.45am.

iv. To introduce a quotation.


• Keats says, ‘A thing of beauty is joy for ever’.
• Bible says, ‘To forgive is divine’.

2.Present Continuous Tense:

The Present Continuous Tense is used

i. For an action going on at the time of speaking.


• She is writing a letter.
• He is walking along the road.
• They are discussing this problem.
• We are playing foot-ball.

3.Present Perfect Tense:

The Present Perfect Tense is used

i. To indicate activities that completed in the near past.


• He has just gone out.
• They have earned goodwill.
• We have deposited the mount with a local bank.
• The child has gone to bed.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

This Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing.


• They have been building this bridge for the last seven months.
• He has been working in this company for a long time.
• They have been playing cricket since 5pm.
• I have been writing a novel for the last one year.

These are the four forms of Present Tense.

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