GMAT : Analysis of An Issue
5. All groups and organizations should function as teams in which everyone makes decisions and shares abilities and duties. Giving one person central authority and responsibility for a project or task is not an effective way to get work done.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the opinion expressed above? Support your views with reasons specific examples drawn from your own work or school experiences, your observations or your reading.
Which is a more productive method of performing a group task : allowing all group members to share in the making, duties and responsibilities or appointing one member to make decisions, delegate duties and responsibility? The speaker's opinion is that the first method is always the best one. In my view, however, each of these alternatives is viable in certain circumstances as illustrated by two very different examples.
A jury in a criminal trial is good example of a group in which shared decision- making, duties and ability is the most appropriate and effective way to get the job done. Each member of the jury is on footing with the others. While one person is appointed to head the jury, his or her function is to act as facilitator not as leader. To place ultimate authority and responsibility on the facilitator would essentially be to appoint a judge and to thereby defeat the very purpose of the jury system.
By the way of contrast, a trauma unit in a hospital is a case in which one individual should assume responsibility, delegate duties and make decisions. In trauma units, split-second decisions are inherently part daily routine and it is generally easier for one person to make a quick decision than for a team to agree to proceed. One could argue that since decisions in trauma units are typically life-and-death ones, these decisions to one person is too risky. However, this argument ignores the crucial point that only the most experienced individuals should be trusted with such a burden and with such power. Leaving decisions to inexperienced group members can jeopardize a patient's very life.
In conclusion, I agree that in some situations the best way to accomplish a task is through teamwork responsibility, duties and decision making. However, in other situations, especially those where quick are necessary or where individual experience is critical, the most effective means is for one individual to serve as leader and assume ultimate responsibility for completing the job.