Contractions





In English, there are a number of
Contractions of words which are used in speech, and in writing which reproduces spoken language, for example drama, directs speech in novels, short stories and personal letters. It is important that the learners should learn and make use of these contracted forms if they want their English sound natural.

When they are written, the two words are shortened by omitting one or two letters and joining the two words together. The letters which are omitted are represented by apostrophe ( ’ ).

When contractions are spoken, the two words are shortened by omitting some sounds and pronouncing the two words as one.

Here are few contractions associated with personal pronoun and verb.

I’m … I am

I’ve … I have

I’ll … I will

I’d … I would or I had

You’re … you are

You’ve … you have

You’ll … you will

You’d … you had or you would

He’s … he is or he has

He’ll … he will

He’d … he would or he had

She’s … she has or she is

She’ll … she will

She’d … she would or she had

It’s … it is or it has

It’ll … it will

We’re … we are

We’ve … we have

We’ll … we will

We’d … we had

They’re … they are

They’ve … they have

They’ll … they will

They’d … they had or they would


Here are few contractions associated with verb and not.

Can’t … can not

Couldn’t … could not

Daren’t … dare not

Didn’t … did not

Doesn’t … does not

Don’t … do not

Hasn’t … has not

Haven’t … have not

Hadn’t … had not

Mightn’t … might not

Mustn’t … must not

Needn’t … need not

Oughtn’t … ought not

Shan’t … shall not

Shouldn’t … should not

Wasn’t … was not

Weren’t … were not

Won’t … will not

Wouldn’t … would not

Here are few other common ones.

Here’s … here is

How’s … how is?

That’d … that would

That’s … that is

That’ll … that will

There’s … there is

That’s … that is

What’ll … what will

What’s … what is?

When’s … when is?

Where’s … where is?

Who’d … who would?

Who’ll … who will?

Who’s … who is?


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