Direct Speech into Indirect Speech

English Grammar Index


Direct Speech into Indirect Speech :


There are two ways in which we can report what some one has said.


1. Direct speech

2. Indirect speech


Direct Speech : In direct speech we reproduce the actual words of the speaker. The words of the speaker are put within inverted commas. (“……..")


Example :


Barath Kumar said, “My father is going to Mumbai tomorrow".


Indirect Speech : In direct speech we do not reproduce the actual words of the speaker. We report the speech after making some changes.


Example :


Barath Kumar said that his father was going to Mumbai the next day.


Direct Speech........Indirect Speech


1st Persons – Denote the speaker


I - he - She

My – his - her

Me - him - her

Mine - his - her

Myself - himself - herself

We - they - they

Us – them - them

Our – their - their

Ourselves - themselves - themselves




IInd Persons – Denote the person addressed to


You - he - she

You (plural) - they - they

You - him - her

Your - their - their

Your - his - her

You - them - them

Yourself - himself - herself

Yourselves - themselves - themselves

Me - you - I

Me - your - my

Me - you - me

Me - yourself - me

Us - you - we

Us - your - our

Us - you - us

Us - yourself - ourselves


Change of Special words :


The words expressing nearness of time and place change into words showing distance.


DIRECT SPEECH.......INDIRECT SPEECH


This - that

These - those

Here - there

Now - then

Thus - so (or) in that way

Hereafter - thereafter

Ago - before

Hence - thence

Today - that day

Tonight - that night

Tomorrow - the next day (or) the following day

Yesterday - the day before (or) the previous day

Last night - the night before (or) the previous Day

Last week - the week before

Next week - the week after (or) the following week

Next month - the month after

Next year - the year after

Day after tomorrow - day after next day

Day before yesterday - day before the previous day

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