Homonyms are words that sound the same when pronounced, but are spelled differently and have different meanings.
Example: Loose and lose
Many people make this mistake. They inevitably interchange the words loose and lose while writing.
Lose means to suffer a loss or defeat.
Thus, you would write:
Correct: I don't want to lose you.
Wrong: I don't want to loose you.
Loose means NOT FIRM or NOT FITTING.
In this context, you would write,
Correct: My shirt is loose.
Wrong: My shirt is lose.
Here are many more homonyms which you have to know to write distinctively.
A lot :
Many, as in: A lot of people are doing business online today.
Much, as in: Some people worry a lot about their health.
Wait a minute, there is no such word as alot! It should be two words: a lot, if you mean many or much, or allot, if you mean distribute.
Give out or distribute, as in: We will allot the prizes by date of contest entry.
(1) Give in to, as in: We accede to your demands.
(2) take a position of authority, as in: When did the King accede to the throne?
To go past a stated amount, as in: It is illegal to exceed the speed limit.
To agree to take, as in: I accept the terms of your offer.
Excluding, as in: I knew all the answers on the test, except the last one.
Short for advertisement, as in: I placed an ad in the paper.
To join or to combine, as in: Please add my site to your bookmark list.
Something added, as in: That problem is covered in the addenda to the software manual.
List of things to do, as in: What is the agenda for the meeting tomorrow?
Firm attachment, as in: She demonstrates a strict adherence to the rules.
Advocates or supporters, as in: Many people in that country are adherents of the concept of free speech.
Guidance or counsel, as in: Your sound advice saved me from a terrible mistake.
To counsel, recommend, or inform, as in: I advise you to validate the code on your Web page before you release it to the general public.
To make worse, as in: Lying to cover up a crime will aggravate the offense.
To collect together or total, as in: Charges for a corporate Web site can aggregate into tens of thousands of dollars.
To cause trouble or discomfort to, as in: What ails you?
An alcoholic beverage, stronger than beer, as in: My friend and I will have two pints of ale, bartender.
Permitted, as in: No one under 17 is allowed.
Audibly, as in: He read the book aloud.
Worship table, as in: The priest approached the altar.
Change, as in: Nothing you can say will alter my plans.
Modify or revise, as in: It's time to amend our by-laws.
Alter or correct in the text of a written work, as in: The publishers hurried to emend the book before the next edition.
Prefix meaning before, as in: The abbreviation A.M. stands for ante meridiem, meaning before noon.
Prefix meaning against, as in: The anti-American protesters marched in the capital city.
Any one :
Whichever unit, as in: You can have any one of these prizes.
Any person whatever, as in: Anyone having information about the whereabouts of the suspect, please come forward.
Divide up and distribute by shares, as in: I want to apportion the money among all the children.
A limited amount of something, as in: He didn't eat his portion of dessert.
Ratio of one thing to another, as in: The proportion of women to men using the Internet is increasing.
A curved line, as in: A rainbow is an arc.
A large, flat-bottomed boat, as in: They loaded the grain on the ark and floated it down the river.
Region, as in: What area of the country are you from?
An elaborate song for one voice, as in: When the soprano finished the aria, the audience clapped.
Chemical analysis, as in: The assay office will test your ore to see how much gold it contains.
A short composition expressing the author's opinions, as in: Students applying for a scholarship often have to write an essay.
Declare positively, as in: I assure you that I will be finished by next Tuesday.
Make sure, as in: Order today to ensure delivery by Monday.
Cover by insurance, as in: This Company will insure the data on my hard disk as well as the computer itself.
Past tense of eat, as in: We ate in that new restaurant last week.
The number after seven, as in: Breakfast will be at eight in the morning.
One’s own life story, as in: I am writing my autobiography.
List of books about a subject, as in: Please include a bibliography with your research report.
A person's life story, as in: She is writing a biography of Marie Sklodowska Curie, the chemist and physicist who with her husband discovered radium in 1898.