Homonyms are words that sound the same when pronounced, but are spelled differently and have different meanings.
Example: Loose and lose
Many people make this mistake. They inevitably interchange the words loose and lose while writing.
Lose means to suffer a loss or defeat.
Thus, you would write:
Correct: I don't want to lose you.
Wrong: I don't want to loose you.
Loose means NOT FIRM or NOT FITTING.
In this context, you would write,
Correct: My shirt is loose.
Wrong: My shirt is lose.
Here are many more homonyms which you have to know to write distinctively.
Security given for release from jail, as in: The bail was set at $100,000.00
A large bundle, as in: The hay was collected together and compressed into a bale.
Exposed to view, as in: The bare branches of the trees made lacy patterns against the winter sky.
(1) Carry or transport, as in: I bear a gift for you.
(2) Tolerate, stand or endure, as in: I can't bear to hear another word.
(3) A large mammal, as in: At the zoo we saw a bear.
(1) Plural of base, as in: The Army is closing down its bases in that country.
(2) Plural of basis, as in: The bases of all his theories were flawed.
Fundamental principal, as in: Your accusation has no basis in fact.
(1) Strike repeatedly, as in: Percussion bands beat their drums at an unbelievable tempo.
(2) Defeat, as in: Your team will never beat the champions.
Root vegetable, as in: The common red beet can be cooked and eaten.
A resting place, as in: When we go on the train, which berth do you want, upper or lower?
Being born, as in: The birth of our first child was a happy occasion.
In the midst of three or more, as in: The four older children decided among themselves to surprise Mother and Father with breakfast in bed.
In the midst of two, as in: The two younger ones decided between themselves to clean the kitchen.
Sent a statement of money owed, as in: Would you like to pay cash now or be billed?
Construct or assemble, as in: You can build good credit by paying bills on time.
Group with a shared purpose, as in: The measure was opposed by the farm bloc.
(1) A chunk, as in: He is going to carve an animal from that block of wood.
(2) Hinder, as in: The police lined up their cars to block the bankrobbers' escape.
A lodger who receives meals regularly at a fixed price, as in: To earn extra money, we took in a boarder.
Boundary, as in: Be sure to have your passport when you cross the border.
Brought into existence, as in: A new nation was born from the ashes of the old one.
(1) Carried, as in: All their belongings were borne on their shoulders.
(2) Tolerated, as in: Any more outbursts like that simply will not be borne.
Device that helps you stop, as in: When the driver saw the cow in the road, he hit the brake.
Rupture, fracture, or crack, as in: Don't play ball in the house, because you'll break something.
Width or broadness, as in: The breadth of his knowledge of world history surprised everyone.
Respiration, as in: Hold your breath while I take the X-ray.
Inhale and exhale, as in: Breathe in that fresh air!
Introduce, as in: While the boss was in a good mood, I decided to broach the subject of a raise.
Ornamental pin, as in: She wore a beautiful diamond brooch.
Purchase, as in: More and more customers are willing to buy goods from an online storefront.
Through the action of, as in: This Web page designed by P. Sato Design.
Short form of goodbye, as in: Bye for now.