English Grammar Index
Concessive Clauses : IN SPITE OF and ALTHOUGH
If the conjunction word is any of these THOUGH, ALTHOUGH, EVEN THOUGH and EVEN IF, that clause is called Concessive Clause.
BUT and ALTHOUGH :
We can join two sentences with BUT.
- The café was crowded, but we found a table.
- Benjamin has a car, but he doesn’t often drive it.
We can also use ALTHOUGH.
- Although the café was crowded, we found a table.
- Although Benjamin has a car, he doesn’t often drive it.
The clause with ALTHOUGH can come at the end.
We found a table, although the café was crowded.
THOUGH and EVEN THOUGH :
THOUGH is informal. It means the same as although.
Though / Although I liked the sweater, I decided not to buy it.
We can also use THOUGH at the end of a sentence.
IN SPITE OF and DESPITE :
- I liked the sweater. I decided not to buy it, though
- Even though is stronger, more emphatic than although.
- Lazar looked quite fresh, even though he had been playing squash.
- Even though you dislike Johns, you should try to be nice to her.
We use IN SPITE OF before a noun or before the ing–form of a verb.
Princy wanted to report on the war in spite of the danger.
Kannan went on working in spite of his feeling unwell.
We use DESPITE in exactly the same way as in spite of and with the same meaning.
IN SPITE OF and ALTHOUGH :
- She wanted to go despite the danger.
- He went on working despite feeling unwell.
- I’m no better in spite of taking the pills.
- Johnshy wants to fly in spite of her fear / in spite of his feeling afraid.
- I’m no better, although I’ve taken the pills.
- Johnshy wants to fly, although she feels afraid.
We can use IN SPITE OF THE FACT (that) in the same way as ALTHOUGH.
I’m no better in spite of the fact that I’ve taken the pills.
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