It has been said that the scale of natural phenomena in India and her total dependence on the monsoon have helped to form the character of her peoples. Even today major disasters, such as flood, famine and plague, are hard to check and in olden times their control was almost impossible. Hence, it has been suggested that the Indian character has tended to fatalism and quietism, accepting fortune and misfortunes alike without complaint.
(A.L.Basham : The Wonder that was India)
India is the nurse of sciences, the inventress of delightful and useful arts, the scene of glorious actions, fertile in the productions of human genius, abounding in natural wonders and infinitely diversified in the forms of religion and government in the laws, manners, customs and languages as well as in the features and languages of men.
(Sir William Jones : 1746-1794)
IF I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life and has found solutions for some of them which well deserve the attention of those who have studied Plato and Kant, I should point to India.
And if I were to ask myself from what literature we here in Europe, we who have been nurtured almost exclusively on the thoughts of Greeks and Romans and of one Semitic race, the Jewish, may draw that corrective which is most wanted in order to make our inner life more perfect, more comprehensive, more universal, in fact more truly human, a life, not for this life only, but a transfigured and central life, again I should point to India.
India is the cradle of human race, the birth place of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India.