English Irregular Verbs

There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding
ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the
s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of
619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Fall Fell Fallen To move downwards or to the ground
Farebeat Farebeat Farebeaten To avoid paying fares when using public transport
Fast-cut Fast-cut Fast-cut To cut quickly from one scene to another in a film
Feed Fed Fed To give or supply food
Feel Felt Felt To sense by touch
To experience an emotion, or sensation
Fight Fought Fought To try to hurt or kill someone in combat or war
Find Found Found To discover something either by chance or when looking for it
Fit Fit/Fitted Fit/Fitted To be the correct size, for clothes, etc. (fit/fit/fit)
To measure someone for size (fit fit/fitted/ fit/fitted)
Flash-freeze Flash-froze Flash-frozen To freeze food very rapidly to preserve taste and nutrients
Flee Fled Fled To run away in order to find safety
Fling Flung Flung To throw or move something suddenly
Floodlight Floodlit Floodlit To use powerful lights to illuminate something outside at night
Fly Flew Flown To move through the air
To travel by aeroplane
Flyblow Flyblew Flyblown To contaminate by laying eggs, the way a fly does
Forbear Forbore Forborne/Forborn Not to use or talk about something
Forbid Forbade/Forbad Forbidden To prohibit
Force-feed Force-fed Force-fed To feed someone who refuses or doesn't want to eat
Fordo/Foredo Fordid Fordone To ruin or destroy
Forecast Forecast/Forecasted Forecast/Forecasted To predict the future
Forefeel Forefelt Forefelt To have a feeling before something happens
To have a premonition
Forego Forewent Foregone To preceed something
To go without something
Foreknow Foreknew Foreknown To know something beforehand
Forerun Foreran Forerun To go before something
To show that something is going to happen
Foresee Foresaw Foreseen To predict or see the future
Foreshow Foreshowed Forshowed/Foreshown To show something or make it known beforehand
To foretell
Forespeak Forespoke Forespoken To predict
To speak of something beforehand
Foretell Foretold Foretold To predict the future
Forget Forgot Forgotten To be unable to remember something
Forgive Forgave Forgiven To pardon or stop being angry with someone who has offended you
Forlese Forlore Forlorn To lose completely
Forsake Forsook Forsaken To give something up
To abandon
Forswear Forswore Forsworn To make a false promise or oath
Fraught Fraught/Fraughted Fraught/Fraughted To stock
To load a ship, etc
To hire a ship, etc
Free-fall Free-fell Free-fallen To drop or fall suddenly
To fall through the air without opening a parachute
Freeze Froze Frozen To make liquids into solids by cold temperatures
To store food below zero degrees centigrade
Frostbite Frostbit Frostbitten To injure or damage part of the body through extreme cold

English Irregular Verbs Index

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