English Irregular Verbs

There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding
ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the
s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of
619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Gainsay Gainsaid Gainsaid To contradict or deny
Gaslight Gaslit/Gaslighted Gaslit/Gaslighted To frighten and confuse someone so much that they think they are going mad
Geld Gelded/Gelt Gelded/Gelt To castrate an animal
Get Got Got/Gotten To obtain, catch or receive
Ghostwrite Ghostwrote Ghostwritten To write for someone else, who will put their name as the author
Gild Gilt/Gilded Gilt/Gilded To cover something with a thin layer of gold
Gin Gan Gan To begin something
Gird Girded/Girt Girded/Girt To secure or encirle something with a belt or bend
Give Gave Given To offer something as a present
Gnaw Gnawed Gnawed/Gnawn To bite or chew

To cause worry
Go Went Gone/Been To travel to a place
Grave Graved Graven/Graved To dig
To carve
To fix in the memory
Grind Ground Ground To break something into a powder
Grow Grew Grown To increase in size

English Irregular Verbs Index

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