English Irregular Verbs



There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of 619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.



Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Lade Laded Laden/Laded To load (put goods onto) a ship
Landslide Landslid/Landslided Landslid/Landslided To win a convincing and easy victory in an election
Lay Laid Laid To put something in a horizontal position
Lead Led Led To take someone somewhere or guide them
To be in command
Lean Leant/Leaned Leant/Leaned To place something at an incline for support against something
Leap Leapt/Leaped Leapt/Leaped To jump
Learn Learnt/Learned Learnt/Learned To acquire knowledge
Leave Left Left To go out of a place
Lend Lent Lent To give somebody money that must be returned
Lep Lept Lept To leap
Let Let Let To allow something to happen
To allow someone to do something
Lie Lay Lain To get into or be in a horizontal position
Light Lit Lit To make something burn
Linebreed Linebred Linebred Breed animals from a particular family
Lip-Read Lip-Read Lip-Read To work out what someone is saying from the movements of their mouth
Lose Lost Lost Not to have something because you do not know where it is


English Irregular Verbs Index



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