English Irregular Verbs

There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding
ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the
s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of
619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Partake Partook Partaken To take part in something or a part of something, usually food
Pay Paid Paid To give somebody money in exchange for things or services
Pen Pent/Penned Pent/Penned To shut up or enclose in a cage, etc
Pinch-hit Pinch-hit Pinch-hit To bat instead of a player in baseball, especially when a hit is needed
Plead Pled/Pleaded Pled/Pleaded To tell a court that you are guilty or innocent
To ask for special treatment by authorities, etc.
Potshot Potshot/Potshotted Potshot To shoot at random
To criticise at random
Practice-teach Practice-taught Practice-taught To teach as part of training
Prebind Prebound Prebound To bind before
Prebuild Prebuilt Prebuilt Prefabricate
Precut Precut Precut To cut something before selling or assembling it
Predo Predid Predone To do something before a certain time of stage
Premake Premade Premade To make something before a time or stage
Prepay Prepaid Prepaid To pay for something using it
Presell Presold Presold To sell before a certain time
Preset Preset Preset To arrange something before it is needed
Preshrink Preshrank Preshrunk To shrink a fabric before selling it so that it will not become smaller when washed
Presplit Presplit Presplit To split or divide before a certain time
Price-cut Price-cut Price-cut To cut or reduce prices
Proofread Proofread Proofread To read something checking carefully for mistakes
Prove Proved Proven/Proved To demonstrate that something is true
Put Put Put To place something in a specific position

English Irregular Verbs Index

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