English Irregular Verbs

There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding
ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the
s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of
619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Rap Rapped/Rapt Rapped/Rapt To be very affected by strong emotion
Re-prove Re-proved Re-proven/Re-proved To prove again
Read Read Read To look at written words and understand them
Reave Reft/Reaved Reft/Reaved To deprive

To take by force
Reawake Reawoke Reawoken/Reawaken To wake up again
Rebid Rebid Rebid To bid again
Rebind Rebound Rebound To cover a book again
Rebroadcast Rebroadcast Rebroadcast To transmit something on televison or the radio again
Rebuild Rebuilt Rebuilt To build something again
Recast Recast Recast To replace an actor or actress
Recut Recut Recut To cut again or differently
Redd Redd/Redded Redd/Redded To save or rescue
Redeal Redealt Redealt To deal playing cards again
Redo Redid Redone To do something again
Redraw Redrew Redrawn To draw again
To change boundaries, frontiers, etc
Reeve Rove/Reeved Rove/Reeved To gather together
To thread something through a hole
Refit Refit Refit To repair a ship, plane or vehicle

To fit something again
Regrind Reground Reground To grind again
To smooth worn engine parts
Regrow Regrew Regrown To grow again
Rehang Rehung Rehung To hang again or in a different position
Rehear Reheard Reheard To hear something again
Reknit Reknit/Reknitted Reknit/Reknitted To knit again
To join back together
Relay Relaid Relaid To operate a system where things are replaced as they become used or tired
Relearn Relearnt/Relearned Relearnt/Relearned To learn again
Relight Relit/Relighted Relit/Relighted To light or start something burning again
Remake Remade Remade To make something again, such as a new version of a film
Rend Rent Rent To tear or rip
Repay Repaid Repaid To pay somebody money owed
Reread Reread Reread To read again
Rerun Reran Rerun To show a film again
Resell Resold Resold To sell something again
Resend Resent Resent To send something again
Reset Reset Reset To put something back to the original way it was organised
Resew Resewed Resewn/Reswed To sew again
Reshoot Reshot Reshot To shoot a film scene again
Resit Resat Resat To take an exam or test again
Resow Resowed Resown/Resowed To sow again
Respell Respelled/Respelt Respelled/Respelt To spell again
Restring Restrung Restrung To fit new strings on a musical instrument or a bow
Retake Retook Retaken Take again, especially exams and tests
Reteach Retaught Retaught To teach again
Retear Retore Retorn To tear again, usually of injuries
Retell Retold Retold To tell something again
Rethink Rethought Rethought To think again
Retread Retrod Retrodden To tread again
To cut new tread in a tyre
Retrofit Retrofit/Retrofitted Retrofit/Retrofitted To fit new parts into an older machine that weren't available when the machine was made
Rewake Rewoke/Rewaked Rewoken/Rewaked To wake again
Rewear Rewore Reworn To wear again
Reweave Rewove/Reweaved Rewoven/Reweaved To weave again
Rewed Rewed/Rewedded Rewed/Rewedded To marry again
Rewet Rewet/Rewetted Rewet/Rewetted To wet again
Rewin Rewon Rewon To win again
Rewind Rewound Rewound To put a cassette or video back to the beginning
Rewrite Rewrote Rewritten To write something again, usually with improvements
Rid Rid/Ridded Rid/Ridded To dispose of
Ride Rode Ridden To travel by horse, bike or motorbike
Ring Rang Rung To telephone
To make sounds with a bell
Rise Rose Risen To move upwards
Rive Rived Riven/Rived To break apart ot split
Rough-hew Rough-hewed Rough-hewn To make a rough version of something
Roughcast Roughcast Roughcast To prepare a rough form of something
Run Ran Run To move quickly, so that both legs leave the ground

English Irregular Verbs Index

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