English Irregular Verbs

There are many Irregular Verbs in English which do not conform to the pattern. The principal parts of the English verb are the base form, the simple past, and the past participle. For regular verbs, the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding
ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English which do not conform to this pattern.

The additional forms of the verb in English are the
s form (3rd person singular present), and the present participle, which is created by adding ing to the base form. There are no irregular forms of the present participle, so the spelling of any verb will adhere to the rules of spelling for regular inflection.

A comprehensive list of
619 English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle and definitions is here below.

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle Definition
Sand-cast Sand-cast Sand-cast To make a cast by pouring metal into a mold made of sand.
Saw Sawed Sawn/Sawed To cut wood, etc, with a tool
Say Said Said To speak words
See Saw Seen To notice with your eyes
Seek Sought Sought To try to find something
Self-feed Self-fed Self-fed To feed itself without assistance
Self-sow Self-sowed Self-sown/Self-sowed To sow itself without assistance
Sell Sold Sold To receive money in exchange for goods
Send Sent Sent To cause something to be taken to a specific destination, especially letters, message, etc.
Set Set Set To place something somewhere
To fix something in a particular position
Sew Sewed Sewn/Sewed To join pieces of material together using thread
Shake Shook Shaken To vibrate
To make something vibrate
Shave Shaved Shaven/Shaved To remove body hair
Shear Shore/Sheared Shorn/Sheared To cut with scissors, especially wool from sheep
Shed Shed Shed To fall off or let something fall off; snakes shed their skin
Shend Shent Shent To shame or disgrace
Shew Shewed Shewn/Shewed Show
Shine Shone Shone To give off or reflect bright light
Shit Shat/Shit Shat/Shit To get rid of solid body waste
Shoe Shod Shod To provide with shoes, especially horses
Shoot Shot Shot To fire a bullet from a gun
To kill or hurt somebody with a gun
Shortcut Shortcut Shortcut To use a shorter or quicker way of going somehere or doing something
Show Showed Shown To allow somebody to see something so that they can become aware of it
Shrink Shrank Shrunk To become smaller
To make something smaller
Shrive Shrove Shriven To confess or listen to a confession, a religious term
Shut Shut Shut To close something
Sidewind Sidewound Sidewound To move like the sidewinder snake
Sight-read Sight-read Sight-read To read music
Sightsee Sightsaw Sightseen To visit famous monuments, etc
Sing Sang Sung To make music with your voice
Sink Sank Sunk To move downwards in water
To make something move downwards in water
Sit Sat Sat To support your body with your buttocks not your feet, with the back in a vertical position as on a chair
Skywrite Skywrote Skywritten To write in the sky with smoke
Slay Slew Slain To kill
Sleep Slept Slept To be in a relaxed state with your eyes closed
Slide Slid Slid/Slidden To move on a smooth surface, such as ice
Sling Slung Slung To throw something somewhere
Slink Slunk Slunk To move in a suspicious and guilty way
Slit Slit Slit To make a long thin cut in something
Smell Smelt/Smelled Smelt/Smelled To detect odours with your nose
To emit odours
Smite Smote Smitten To hit
Snapshoot Snapshot Snapshot Take a quick photograph
Sneak Sneaked/Snuck Sneaked/Snuck To move around guiltily or to avoid being noticed
Soothsay Soothsaid Soothsaid To predict the future
Sow Sowed Sown To plant seeds in the ground to produce plants or cereals
Speak Spoke Spoken To say words with your mouth
To be able to use a language
Speed Sped/Speeded Sped/Speeded To move quickly
To drive faster than legally permitted
Spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled To use the correct combination of letters for a word
Spellbind Spellbound Spellbound To put into a trance or captivate
Spend Spent Spent To Use money to buy things
To use time or energy doimg something
<>Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled To allow liquids out of their containers accidentally
Spin Span/Spun Spun To turn repeatedly in circles around a fixed point
To make something turn repeatedly in circles
Spit Spat/Spit Spat/Spit To eject saliva, liquid or food from the mouth
Split Split Split To divide
To break open
Spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled To let something go bad
To go bad
Spoonfeed Spoonfed Spoonfed To give someone information in small and very easy bits
Spread Spread Spread To cover the surface of one thing with something else, like butter on bread
Spring Sprang Sprung To jump
To become active
Stall-feed Stall-fed Stall-fed To feed or fatten an animal in a stall
Stand Stood Stood To be in a vertical position with the weight on the feet
To get into this position
Stave Stove/Staved/Stoved Stove/Staved/Stoved To break a hole in something
Steal Stole Stolen To take property or money that is not yours
Stick Stuck Stuck To attach things with glue
To insert a sharp object into something
Sting Stung Stung To feel pain caused by an insect or plant or in a particular part of the body
Stink Stank Stunk To smell very badly
Straphang Straphung Straphung To hold a strap for support
Strew Strewed Strewn/Strewed To distribute things randomly over a surface
Stride Strode/Strided Stridden To walk confidently
Strike Struck Struck/Stricken To stop working as a protest about working conditions
To hit
String Strung Strung To attach something using a cord
Strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped To undress
To remove the covering of something
Strive Strove Striven To try very hard to do something
Sublet Sublet Sublet To rent something you have rented
Sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt To get red skin from being in the sun for too long
Swear Swore Sworn To use words which are regarded as offensive
To promise
Sweat Sweat/Sweated Sweat/Sweated To perspire
Sweep Swept/Sweeped Swept/Sweeped To clean floors using a brush
Swell Swelled Swollen To increase in size usually by filling with liquids or gases
Swim Swam Swum To travel in water by moving your arms and legs
Swing Swung Swung To move from side to side from a fixed point
Swink Swank/Swonk Swonken To work, toil or labour
Switch-hit Switch-hit Switch-hit To bat right-handed against a left-handed bowler, or vice versa, in baseball

English Irregular Verbs Index

From English Irregular Verbs to HOME PAGE