Look at the following sentences.
• He expected to get a prize.
• He expected that he would get a prize.
In the first sentence the group of words ‘to get a prize’ does not have a subject and a predicate.
This group of word does the work of a noun.
Whereas in the second sentence, the group of words ‘that he would get a prize’ has both a subject and a predicate.
Here this group of words does the work of a noun. This is a clause.
This clause is the object of the verb EXPECT and so does the work of a noun.
Since this group of words does the works of both a noun and a clause, it is called NOUN-CLAUSE.
A Noun-Clause is a group of words which contains a Subject and a Predicate of its own and does the work of a noun.
• I often wonder how you are getting on with him.
• He feared that he would fail.
• They replied that they would come to this town.
• Do you know who stole the watch?
• I thought that it would be fine day.
• No one knows who he is.
• I did not know what he would do next.
• How the budget got in is a mystery.
• Pay careful attention to what I am going to say.
• I do not understand how all it happened.
The Noun-Clauses can be replaced with suitable Nouns or with suitable Noun-Phrases.
• No one knows when he will come. (Noun-Clauses)
• No one knows the time of his coming. (Noun-Phrases)
• I heard that he had succeeded. (Noun-Clauses)
• I heard of his success. (Noun-Phrases)
• We will never know why he failed. (Noun-Clauses)
• We will never know the reason for his failure. (Noun-Phrases)
• The law will punish whosoever is guilty. (Noun-Clause)
• The law will punish the guilty. (Noun)
• The police want to know where he is living. (Noun-Clauses)
• The police want to know his residence. (Noun)
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