Prefixes



What are
PREFIXES?

Consider this sentence.

• He is understood by all of us.

In this sentence, it has been stated that he is properly understood by us.

Consider the following sentence.

• He is misunderstood by all of us.

In this sentence, it has been stated that he is not properly understood by us.

That means that he is misunderstood.

The addition ‘mis’ has been added to the word ‘understood’ and thus a new word ‘misunderstood’ has been created

The addition ‘mis’ is called a prefix.

Such an addition when added to the beginning of a word is called
PREFIX.

Such an addition, when added to the end of a word, is called
SUFFIX.

The origins of
Prefixes which are used in English are Latin, Greek and English languages.

ENGLISH PREFIXES

Let us see the prefixes of English origin.

Here for your reference, the prefixes are listed below with examples for every prefix.

A- on, in

abed, aboard, ashore, ajar, asleep


A-out, from

Arise, awake, alight


Be- by (sometimes intensive)

Beside, betimes, besmear, bedaub


For- thoroughly

Forbear, forgive


Gain- against

Gainsay


In-in

Income, inland, inlay


Mis- wrong, wrongly

Misdeed, misunderstanding, mislead, misjudge


Over- above, beyond

Overflow, overcharge


To- this

To-day, to-night, to-morrow


Un-not

Untrue, unkind, unholy


Un-to reverse an action

Untie, undo, unfold


Under-beneath, below

Undersell, undercharge, undergo, underground


With-back, against

Withdraw, withhold, withstand



LATIN PREFIXES

Ab (a, abs)-From, away

Abuse, assign, attach, abstract


Ad (ac, af, al, an, ap, ag, as, ar, at, a)-to

Adjoin, accord, affect, aggressive, allege, announce, appoint, arrest, assign, attach, avail etc…


Ambi (amb, am) - on both sides, around

Ambiguous, amputate, ambition, amphitheatre etc…


Ante (anti, an)-before

Antedate, anticipate, ancestor


Bene-well

Benediction, benefit


Bis (bi, bin)-twice, two

Binoculars, biscuit, bisect


Circum (circu) - around

Circumnavigate, circumference, circuit


Con (col, com, cor) – with, together

Contend, collect, combine, correct


Contra (counter) – against

Contradict, counteract, counterfeit


De-down

Descend, dethrone, depose etc…


Dis (dif, di) –

Disjoin, differ, divide etc…


Demi-half

Demigod


Ex (ef, e) - out of

Extract, effect


Extra-beyond, outside of

Extraordinary, extravagant


In (il, im, ir, en, em) –in, into

Invade, illustrate, immerse, irrigate, enact, embrace etc…


In (il, im, ir) –not

Insecure, illegal, imprudent, irregular etc…


Inter (Intro, enter) – among, within

Intervene, introduce, entertain etc…


Male (mal) –ill

Malevolent, malcontent


Non-not

Nonsense


Ob (oc) –in the way of

Object, occupy etc


Of – against

Offend


Pen – almost

Penultimate, peninsula etc…


Per (pel) – through

Pervade, pellucid


Post – after

Postscript, postdate, postpone


Pre – before

Prefix, prevent, predict


Preter –beyond

Preternatural


Pro (por, pur) –for

Pronoun, portray, pursue


Re – back, again

Reclaim, refund, renew, return


Retro –backwards

Retrospect, retrograde


Se (sed) – apart

Secede, separate, seduce, sedition


Semi – half

Semicircle, semicolon


Sine – without

Sinecure


Sub (suc, suf, sug, sum, sup, sur, sus ) – under

Subdue, succeed, suffer, suggest, summon, support, surmount, sustain


Subter – beneath

Subterfuge


Super –above

Superfine, superfluous


Trans (tra, tres) –across

Transmit, traverse, trespass etc…


Vice – in the place of

Viceroy, vice-president


GREEK PREFIXES

A (an) – without

Atheist, apathy, anarchy


Amphi – around, on both sides

Amphitheatre, amphibious


Ana – up, back

Analysis, anachronism


Anti (ant) – against

Antipathy, apology


Apo(ap) – from

Apostate, apology


Arch (archu) – chief

Arch-bishop, arch angel, architect


Auto – self

Autobiography, autograph


Cata – down

Cataract, catastrophe, catalogue


Di – twice

Dilemma


Dia – through

Diameter, diagonal


Dys –badly

Dysentery, dyspepsia


En (em) – in

Encyclopedia, emblem


Epi – upon

Epilogue, epitaph


Eu – well

Eulogy, euphony, eugenics


Ex (ec) – out of

Exodus, eccentric


Hemi – half,

Hemisphere


Homo (hom) – like

Homogeneous, homonym


Hyper – over, beyond

Hyperbole, hypercritical


Hypo – under

Hypocrite, hypothesis


Meta (met) – implying change

Metaphor, metonymy


Mono – alone, single

Monopoly, monophony, monoplane


Pan – all

Panacea, panorama, pantheism


Para – beside, by the side of,

Parallel, paradox, parasite


Peri – round

Period, perimeter, periscope


Philo (phil)– love

Philosophy, philanthropy


Pro – before

Prophesy, programme


Syn (sym, syl, sy ) – with, together

Synonym, sympathy, syllable, system

Advanced English


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