What are PREFIXES?
Consider this sentence.
• He is understood by all of us.
In this sentence, it has been stated that he is properly understood by us.
Consider the following sentence.
• He is misunderstood by all of us.
In this sentence, it has been stated that he is not properly understood by us.
That means that he is misunderstood.
The addition ‘mis’ has been added to the word ‘understood’ and thus a new word ‘misunderstood’ has been created
The addition ‘mis’ is called a prefix.
Such an addition when added to the beginning of a word is called PREFIX.
Such an addition, when added to the end of a word, is called SUFFIX.
The origins of Prefixes which are used in English are Latin, Greek and English languages.
Let us see the prefixes of English origin.
Here for your reference, the prefixes are listed below with examples for every prefix.
A- on, in
abed, aboard, ashore, ajar, asleep
Arise, awake, alight
Be- by (sometimes intensive)
Beside, betimes, besmear, bedaub
Income, inland, inlay
Mis- wrong, wrongly
Misdeed, misunderstanding, mislead, misjudge
Over- above, beyond
To-day, to-night, to-morrow
Untrue, unkind, unholy
Un-to reverse an action
Untie, undo, unfold
Undersell, undercharge, undergo, underground
Withdraw, withhold, withstand
Ab (a, abs)-From, away
Abuse, assign, attach, abstract
Ad (ac, af, al, an, ap, ag, as, ar, at, a)-to
Adjoin, accord, affect, aggressive, allege, announce, appoint, arrest, assign, attach, avail etc…
Ambi (amb, am) - on both sides, around
Ambiguous, amputate, ambition, amphitheatre etc…
Ante (anti, an)-before
Antedate, anticipate, ancestor
Bis (bi, bin)-twice, two
Binoculars, biscuit, bisect
Circum (circu) - around
Circumnavigate, circumference, circuit
Con (col, com, cor) – with, together
Contend, collect, combine, correct
Contra (counter) – against
Contradict, counteract, counterfeit
Descend, dethrone, depose etc…
Dis (dif, di) –
Disjoin, differ, divide etc…
Ex (ef, e) - out of
Extra-beyond, outside of
In (il, im, ir, en, em) –in, into
Invade, illustrate, immerse, irrigate, enact, embrace etc…
In (il, im, ir) –not
Insecure, illegal, imprudent, irregular etc…
Inter (Intro, enter) – among, within
Intervene, introduce, entertain etc…
Male (mal) –ill
Ob (oc) –in the way of
Object, occupy etc
Of – against
Pen – almost
Penultimate, peninsula etc…
Per (pel) – through
Post – after
Postscript, postdate, postpone
Pre – before
Prefix, prevent, predict
Pro (por, pur) –for
Pronoun, portray, pursue
Re – back, again
Reclaim, refund, renew, return
Se (sed) – apart
Secede, separate, seduce, sedition
Semi – half
Sine – without
Sub (suc, suf, sug, sum, sup, sur, sus ) – under
Subdue, succeed, suffer, suggest, summon, support, surmount, sustain
Subter – beneath
Trans (tra, tres) –across
Transmit, traverse, trespass etc…
Vice – in the place of
A (an) – without
Atheist, apathy, anarchy
Amphi – around, on both sides
Ana – up, back
Anti (ant) – against
Apo(ap) – from
Arch (archu) – chief
Arch-bishop, arch angel, architect
Auto – self
Cata – down
Cataract, catastrophe, catalogue
Di – twice
Dia – through
En (em) – in
Epi – upon
Eu – well
Eulogy, euphony, eugenics
Ex (ec) – out of
Hemi – half,
Homo (hom) – like
Hyper – over, beyond
Hypo – under
Meta (met) – implying change
Mono – alone, single
Monopoly, monophony, monoplane
Pan – all
Panacea, panorama, pantheism
Para – beside, by the side of,
Parallel, paradox, parasite
Peri – round
Period, perimeter, periscope
Philo (phil)– love
Pro – before
Syn (sym, syl, sy ) – with, together
Synonym, sympathy, syllable, system
Go to the Advanced English Index to continue.
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