Sentence Pattern

English Grammar Index

Sentence Pattern :

1. Subject(S)

2. Verb(V)

3. Object(O)

4. Complement(C)

5. Adverbial(A)

Verb (V) : Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb

He is a lawyer.(BE form Verb)

Raju wrote a letter. (Main Verb)

The child is crying. (Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb)

Subject (S) :

Suganya danced well.(Suganya – Subject)

The child broke the glass. (The child- Subject)

Object (O) :

The cat killed a mouse. (A Mouse – Object)

I ate mango. (Mango – Object)

They treated the patient very well. (Patient – Object)

Types of Object : Direct Object and Indirect Object

The cow gives us milk.

The cow gives – what? Milk. To whom? Us

Milk – Direct Object

Us – Indirect Object

Complement (C) :

The words required to complete the meaning of a sentence are called Complement of the sentence.

Types of Complement :

Subject complement : The Complement which express the quality or identity or condition of the subject is called Subject complement.

Examples :

1. He is a doctor. (Subject Complement)

2. Mala is intelligent. (Subject Complement)

3. He looks sad. (subject complement)

4. I became a teacher. (Subject Complement)

Object Complement : The complement which expresses the quality or identify or condition of an object is called Object complement.

Examples :

They made her angry. (Object Complement)

She called him a liar. (Object Complement)

Adverbial :

The use of adverbial is optional whereas complement is essential.

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