Singular and Plural

English Grammar Index


Singular and Plural :


A Noun that denotes one person or thing is said to be in the Singular.

Example : Cow, Book, Tree, Girl, Boy



A Noun that denotes more than one person or thing is said to be in the Plural.

Example : Cows, Books, Trees, Girls, Boys



How Plurals are formed?


  1. The Plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –s to the singular.

    Examples :

    Pens

    Birds

    Books

    Trees

    Girls


  2. But Nouns, ending in –s, -sh, -ch (soft) or –x, form the plural by adding –es to the singular.

    Examples :

    Bus – buses

    Fish-fishes

    Bench – benches

    Box – boxes


  3. Nouns ending in –y, preceded by a consonant, form their plural by changing –y into –i and adding –es.

    Examples :

    Baby - babies

    Story - stories

    Lorry - Lorries


  4. Most Nouns ending in –o also form the plural by adding –es to the singular.

    Examples :

    Buffalo – buffaloes

    Mango – mangoes

    Hero –heroes

    Negro –negroes

    Cargo – cargoes

    Echo – echoes


  5. A few nouns ending in –o merely add –s.

    Examples :

    Dynamo – dynamos

    Solo – solos

    Ratio –ratios

    Stereo – stereos



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