Synthesis of Sentences





Synthesis of Sentences is the process of combining simple sentences, using Coordinative Conjunctions, to form Compound Sentences.

Example :

The wind blew. The rain fell. The lightning flashed.

There are sentences. Now, we can combine all these three sentences to form a Compound Sentence.

The wind blew, the rain fell and the lightning flashed.

This sentence is a Compound Sentence.

There are four types of Coordinative Conjunctions.Thses Conjunctions are widely used in the process of Synthesis of Sentences.

They are:

1. Cumulative
2. Adversative
3. Alternative
4. Illative

1. Cumulative:

The Conjunctions which add one statement to another are called
Cumulative.

Examples :

• Night came on. The room grew dark.
• Night came on and the room grew dark.

• He is a fool. He is a knave.
• He is a fool and he is a knave.
• He is not only a fool but also a knave.
• He is a fool as well as a knave.

It will be noticed that the conjunction ‘and’ simply adds one statement to another.

The conjunctions ‘both…and’, ‘not only…but also’ and ‘as well as’ are emphatic forms and do the same work

The Conjunctions which add one statement to another are called
Cumulative.

You may see here how the Coordinative Conjunctions are used in Synthesis Of Sentence.

2. Adversative:

The Conjunctions which express opposition or contrast between two statements are called
Adversative.

Examples :

• He is slow. He is sure.
• He is but he is sure.

• I was annoyed. I kept quite.
• I was annoyed, still I kept quite.

• He failed. He persevered.
• He failed, nevertheless he persevered.

• He will not oppose my design. I can not approve of it.
• He will not oppose my design; however, I can not approve of it.

• He was all right. He was fatigued.
• He was all right; only He was fatigued.

It will be noticed that the conjunctions but, still, yet, nevertheless and however express an contrast between one sentence and the other.

Few of these conjunctions are more emphatic than the conjunction ‘but’.

Conjunctions which express opposition or contrast between two statements are called
Adversative.

You may see here how the Coordinative Conjunctions are used in Synthesis Of Sentence.

3. Alternative:

The Conjunctions which express a choice between two alternatives are called
Alternative.

Examples :

• Make haste. You will be late.
• Make haste or you will be late.

• Come in. Go out.
• Come in or go out.
• Either come in or go out.

• Do be a borrower. Do be a lender.
• Be neither a borrower nor a lender.

It will be noticed that the conjunctions or, either…or and neither…nor express a choice between two alternatives.

The Conjunctions which express a choice between two alternatives are called
Alternative.

You may see here how the Coordinative Conjunctions are used in Synthesis Of Sentence.

4. Illative:

The Conjunctions which express an inference are called
Illative.

Examples :

• He was obstinate. He was punished.
• He was obstinate; therefore he was punished.

• I can not see. It is very dark
• It is very dark so I can not see.
• I can not see for it is very dark.

• It is raining heavily. I will take an umbrella with me.
• It is raining heavily, so I will take an umbrella with me.

You may see here how the Coordinative Conjunctions are used in Synthesis Of Sentence.

It will be noticed that the conjunctions therefore, for, so etc… join sentences in which one statement is inferred from the other.

The Conjunctions which express an inference are called
Illative.

Go to the Intermediary Index Page to continue



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