Transformations of Sentences



We have seen in other lessons how the Transformations of Sentences take place.

This is in continuation of those lessons.

1. Conversion of Compound sentences into Complex sentences:

We can change Compound sentences into Complex sentences, by removing the conjunction ‘and’ and using other conjunction suitable to the context.

Example-1:

Consider this Compound sentence:

• Search his packet and you will find the watch. (Compound Sentence)

By removing the conjunction ‘and’ and adding another conjunction ‘if’, we can change this sentence into a Complex Sentence.

• If you search his packet, you will find the watch. (Complex sentence)

Example-2:

• He wished to become learned; he studied very well. (Compound)

Here, the use of same pronoun for the second time is avoided to convert the sentence into a complex sentence.

• He studied very well to become a learned. (Complex)

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.

Example-3:

• He is buried near Rome. Myrtles grow round his grave. (Compound)

• He is buried in a place where myrtles grow. (Complex)

Examples:

• He aimed to win the prize and worked hard. (Compound)
• He worked hard so that he might win the prize. (Complex)

• He put on his hat and went out. (Compound)
• Putting his hat on, he went out. (Complex)

• Do your best. You will never regret. (Compound)
• By doing your best, you will never regret. (Complex)

• Be diligent and you will succeed. (Compound)
• Diligence will succeed you. (Complex)
• Your diligence will give you success. (Complex)

• Do this and you will be punished. (Compound)
• If you do this, you will be punished. (Complex)

• Give me the book and I will read it. (Compound)
• If you give me the book, I will read it. (Complex)

• Take quinine, and your fever will be cured. (Compound)
• It you take quinine, your fever will be cured. (Complex)

• I tell him to be quite, but he takes no notice of it. (Compound)
• Although I tell him to be quite, he takes no notice if it. (Complex)

• Be just, fear not. (Compound)
• If you are just, you need not fear. (Complex)

• You called me and here I am. (Compound)
• Because you called me, I am here. (Complex)

• The master is nearly blind and the boys are sorry for him. (Compound)
• The boys are sorry for the master for near-blindness of him. (Complex)

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.

• You have paid the bill, but you will get no credit for it. (Compound)
• Although you have paid the bill, you will get the credit for it. (Complex)

• Listen and I will tell you all. (Compound)
• If you listen, I will tell you all. (Complex)

• Be careful in your diet, you will be healthy. (Compound)
• If you are careful, you will be healthy. (Complex)

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.


2. Conversion of Complex sentences into Compound sentences:

As we have converted the Compound sentences into Complex sentences,We have to convert the Complex sentences into Compound sentences. .

Example-1:

• I am glad that he has recovered from illness.

In this sentence, two actions are noted. ‘I am glad’ is one simple sentence and ‘he has recovered from illness’ is another Simple sentence.

Now using the conjunction ‘and’, we can convert this sentence into a Compound sentence.

• He had recovered from illness and I am glad of it.

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.

Example-2:

• As soon as he received the telegram, he left in taxi.

In this sentence also, there are two actions. We have to bring in both the actions into a single sentence by using conjunction ‘and’.

• He received a telegram, and he left in taxi.

Examples:

• We can prove that the earth is round. (Complex)
• The earth is round. We can prove it. (Compound)

• When you have rested, go on with the work. (Complex)
• You take rest and you go on with the work. (Compound)

• I know what you told him. (Complex)
• You told him something. I know that. (Compound)

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.

• We eat so that we may live. (Complex)
• We have to live so we have to eat. (Compound)

• He was educated in Public school where he learned Latin. (Complex)
• He was educated in a public school and there he learned Latin. (Compound)

• He was so learned that he seemed to know everything. (Complex)
• He was very learned and seemed to know everything. (Compound)

• He failed because he was so rash. (Complex)
• He was too rash and therefore failed. (Compound)

Now, you may see how the Transformations of Sentences have taken place.

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