1911 : Ronald Amundsen's arrival at the South Pole : One of the greatest figures in the history of polar exploration was Norwegian explorer Ronald Amundsen, who left Norway for Antarctica in June 1910 and became on this day in 1911 the first person to reach the South Pole.
1960 : The convention establishing the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development was signed by 18 European countries, the United States, and Canada.
1895 : George VI, who became king of the United Kingdom on December 11, 1936, following the abdication of the throne by his brother Edward VIII, was born.
1799 : George Washington, the first president of the United States of America, died at Mount Vernon in Virginia.
1568 : The Casket Letters, found to be damaging to the career of Mary, Queen of Scots, were produced at Westminster before a body of English commissioners appointed by Queen Elizabeth I.