22nd December

The events happened on 22nd December are :

1894 : Alfred Dreyfus sentenced to life in prison : On this day in 1894, on the basis of specious evidence and anti-Semitism, French army officer Alfred Dreyfus was sentenced to life in prison for treason, sparking a controversy that divided France for 12 years.

1990 : The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia was promulgated, granting such classic civil rights as freedom of speech, religion, information, and association, as well as guaranteeing the equality of nationalities.

1989 : Nicolae Ceaușescu was ousted after 24 years of dictatorial rule in Romania.

1989 : The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin was reopened, signifying the reunion of East and West Germany.

1941 : U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in Washington, D.C., to discuss World War II.

1856 : Frank B. Kellogg, U.S. secretary of state from 1925 to 1929 who negotiated the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928—a multilateral agreement designed to prohibit war as an instrument of national policy—and won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1929, was born.

1481 : The member states of the Swiss Confederation concluded the Diet of Stans, an agreement whereby civil war was averted.

1216 : The Dominican order was sanctioned by Pope Honorius III.

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