1st February

The events happened on 1st February are :

2003 : Space shuttle Columbia destroyed : On this day in 2003, while returning to Earth from an orbital mission, the U.S. space shuttle Columbia broke up catastrophically at an altitude of about 60 km (40 miles) over Texas, killing all seven crew members.

1979 : The spacecraft Voyager 1 photographed Jupiter from a distance of 32.7 million km (20.3 million miles).

1923 : The private army of Blackshirts that had helped Benito Mussolini come to power in Italy was officially transformed into a national militia, the Voluntary Fascist Militia for National Security.

1901 : American motion-picture star Clark Gable was born in Cadiz, Ohio.

1896 : Giacomo Puccini premiered his opera La Bohème at the Teatro Regio in Turin, Italy.

1884 : The first of 10 volumes of the Oxford English Dictionary was published in London, the final volume being published April 19, 1928.

1820 : In a battle fought at Cepeda, Argentina, federalist forces defeated unitarios, who were advocates of strong central government.

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