31st January

The events happened on 31st January are :

1606 : Guy Fawkes executed in London : On this day in 1606, British provocateur Guy Fawkes—one of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators, who sought to blow up Parliament and to assassinate King James I for his repression of Roman Catholics—was executed in London

1977 : The Pompidou Centre, a French national cultural centre named for former president Georges Pompidou, opened in Paris.

1966 : The Soviets launched Luna 9, the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon.

1958 : Explorer 1 was the first artificial space satellite orbited by the United States, marking the country's entry into the space race.

1943 : German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrendered to the Soviet Red Army at Stalingrad (now Volgograd), his troops surrendering two days later.

1797 : Austrian composer Franz Schubert was born near Vienna.

30th January | 1st February

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