1065 : Westminster Abbey opened : The original Westminster Abbey, located in London, was consecrated and opened this day in 1065 by Edward the Confessor and became the site of coronations and other ceremonies of national significance in England.
1934 : Spanish sculptor Pablo Gargallo, known for his figures sculpted from iron and other metals, died.
1923 : Gustave Eiffel, designer of the famous Eiffel Tower, died in Paris.
1895 : The first public demonstration of the Cinématographe, an early motion-picture apparatus designed by the Lumière brothers, took place at the Grand Café in Paris.
1734 : The outlaw Rob Roy, known as the Scottish Robin Hood, died.
1694 : Mary II, who became queen of England in 1689, died of smallpox in London at age 32.