30th May

The events happened on 30th May are :

1431 : Joan of Arc burned at the stake : On this day St. Joan of Arc was burned as a heretic by English and French collaborators. Several years earlier Joan had become a heroine in France, when she led an army against the English in order to crown the dauphin Charles at Reims. At this time, during the Hundred Years' War, the crown of France was contested by Charles and the Lancastrian king, Henry VI. Henry's armies were allied with those of Philip the Good, the duke of Burgundy, who later captured Joan. She was brought before a church court and executed on a pyre at the Place du Vieux-Marché in Rouen, maintaining her innocence to the last.

1942 : During World War II the British Royal Air Force dispatched more than 1,000 bombers against Cologne, Germany.

1925 : The May Thirtieth Incident on this day was a nationwide series of strikes and demonstrations in Shanghai, precipitated by the killing of 13 labour demonstrators by British police.

1922 : The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.

1911 : The first Indianapolis 500 automobile race was run in Indianapolis, Indiana.

1854 : The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, providing for the territorial organization of Kansas and Nebraska under the principle of popular sovereignty.

1814 : The first of the Treaties of Paris was signed, ending the Napoleonic Wars.

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