31st May

The events happened on 31st May are :

1902 : Boer War ended : The South African War, or Boer War, came to a close with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging on this day. The treaty, signed by representatives of the British and ex-republican Boer governments, ended the independence of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, which came under British military administration. The war had begun on October 11, 1899, caused by the refusal of the South African Republic, under President Paul Kruger, to grant political rights to the Uitlander (non-Dutch and primarily English) population of the mining areas of the Witwatersrand, as well as by the aggressive responses of Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, the British high commissioner, and of Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain.

1962 : German war criminal Adolf Eichmann was hanged by the state of Israel for his part in the Nazi extermination of Jews during World War II.

1943 : American professional football player Joe Namath was born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.

1916 : The Battle of Jutland, an encounter between British and German naval fleets in World War I, began.

1910 : Louis Botha formed the first Union government of South Africa.

1889 : Considered one of the worst natural disasters in American history, a flood ravaged Johnstown, Pennsylvania, causing more than 2,200 deaths.

1819 : American poet, essayist, and journalist Walt Whitman was born on Long Island, New York.

1790 : The United States established copyright law.

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