1889 : Eiffel Tower opened to public : The 984-foot (300-metre) Eiffel Tower, a wrought iron technological masterpiece created by Gustave Eiffel to commemorate the French Revolution, was opened to the public at the Centennial Exposition in Paris this day in 1889.
1980 : American track-and-field legend Jesse Owens died in Phoenix, Arizona.
1918 : Clocks in the United States were set one hour ahead as daylight saving time went into operation for the first time.
1870 : Thomas Peterson-Mundy of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, became the first African American to vote under the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
1854 : U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry signed the Treaty of Kanagawa in Japan, ending that country's period of seclusion.
1732 : Composer Joseph Haydn was born in Rohrau, Austria.
1521: The first Roman Catholic mass in the Philippines was celebrated on the island of Limasawa.