1921 : Irish Free State established. The British government and Irish leaders Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, and others signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty, establishing the Irish Free State as an independent member of the British Commonwealth this day in 1921.
1992 : The Babri Masjid (“Mosque of Bābur") in Ayodhya was destroyed by Hindu fundamentalists, leading to Hindu-Muslim riots throughout India.
1973 : Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as vice president of the United States, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew, who had resigned.
1917 : Finland declared itself independent of Russia, following the Bolshevik Revolution.
1534 : Sebastián de Belalcázar, under the authority of Francisco Pizarro, occupied the Indian city of Quito in what is now Ecuador.
1421 : King Henry VI of England was born in Windsor, Berkshire.