1965 : Attack on civil rights protesters in Selma, Alabama : On this day in 1965, state troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
1987 : American boxer Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight to acquire the World Boxing Association (WBA) championship belt when he defeated James Smith in 12 rounds.
1876 : Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for the telephone.
1875 : Composer Maurice Ravel was born in Ciboure, France.
1850 : U.S. Senator Daniel Webster spoke out in favour of the Compromise of 1850 (enacted in September), a series of moderate measures that addressed the question of slavery in U.S. territories.
1792 : English astronomer Sir John Herschel, a successor to his father, Sir William Herschel, in the field of stellar and nebular observation and discovery, was born.
1644 : Massachusetts established the first bicameral legislature in North America.