Number of People

Should I write : A Number of People is or A Number of People are?

Although the expression
a number is strictly singular, the phrase a number of is used with plural nouns (as what grammarians call a determiner). The verb should therefore be plural.

• A number of people are waiting for the bus.

This is not the case with
the number which is still singular.

• The number of people here has increased since this morning.

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