This section on Parts of Speech is your second lesson. Remember the first lesson so that this lesson will be very clear for understanding.
You saw in the first lesson that the words are very important in
the formation of sentences.
The words constitute the Parts of Speech.
The words used in English are divided into eight parts according
to the functions carried out by those words in a sentence.
Those EIGHT PARTS are:
All these parts of speech have their own roles in the formation of sentences. In the following lessons, we can see all these parts of speeches indepth. Now,let us see these eight parts one by one briefly.
A noun is a word used as a name of a person, place, thing,
state, quality, activity, action etc...
• Mr. John is our English teacher.
In this sentence the words “Mr. John" and “teacher" are nouns.
• Harvard University is the oldest University.
In this sentence the words “Harvard" and “University" are nouns.
• Lions live in forest.
In this sentence the words “Lion" and “forest" are nouns.
• He is my best friend.
In this sentence, the words “He" and “friend" are nouns.
London, New Delhi, Himalaya, philosophy, beauty, car, road,
• Raman is boy. He is going to school.
Of these sentences, in the second sentence, the word “he" is used to indicate “Raman". So the word “he" is a pronoun.
• The students refuse to take their meals. They want to meet the warden.
Of these sentences, in the second sentence, the word “they" is used to indicate “the students". So the word “they" is a pronoun.
There are only seven pronouns. They are he, she, it, I, we, they and you. Other pronouns are their variations.